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7 Types of Wood Paneling to Enhance Your Home

While wood paneling has long been associated with the opulent, intricate aesthetic of older residences, its application is expanding in contemporary homes for both wall protection and visual allure. Despite adding to the expense of a room remodel, wood paneling brings numerous advantages that enhance a home's longevity and resale value. In this post, we'll explore various types of wood paneling for your home, including wainscoting, beadboard, shiplap, and more.


Wainscoting refers to panels located on the lower section of a room, typically covering around one-half to one-third of a wall's height and encircling the entire room perimeter. This style of wood paneling serves the practical purpose of safeguarding walls from damage, particularly in spaces susceptible to impact, like dining rooms or children's rooms.

Typically constructed from beadboard panels, wainscoting often features a slim strip of chair rail running along the top. This not only serves as a visual cap but also acts as a buffer to absorb impact from chair backs.


Beadboard is a type of paneling featuring a traditional design with vertically grooved panels. It is defined by extended, uninterrupted vertical grooves and raised beads evenly spaced every inch or two.

Available in individual boards, typically measuring around 32 to 48 inches in length and 3 to 4 inches in width, beadboard boards are designed to fit seamlessly side-by-side. Alternatively, larger panels, extending up to 8 feet in length, are also available, streamlining the installation process. The distinctive beads and grooves are intricately molded into the board during the manufacturing process.


Shiplap, inspired by the exterior siding of the same name, is a style of interior paneling characterized by long, horizontal boards that overlap along their edges. The upper board's lip extends over a portion of the lower board, creating a weather-proof, tight, and stable joint in exterior applications.

In interior settings, shiplap is primarily chosen for its aesthetic appeal rather than functional purposes. It imparts a rustic and charming ambiance to dining rooms, bedrooms, halls, or living areas. Additionally, shiplap is often employed on accent walls to achieve a farmhouse or traditional look.

Board and Batten

Board and batten paneling is distinctive for its uniform arrangement of wide vertical molding boards known as battens. These battens can vary in width, ranging from just one inch to several inches, and are typically spaced 6 to 10 inches apart.

Emanating a robust and austere aesthetic, board and batten paneling was frequently employed in early 20th-century residences. The battens play a dual role, covering the joints between the boards, while extra battens are added between joints purely for aesthetic reasons.

Coffered Panels

Coffers, characterized by inset squares arranged in a grid pattern, are commonly found in ceilings, where this design breaks up flat surfaces, adding visual interest. The name's origin is noteworthy: "cofre" in French, meaning chest, or "cophinus" in Latin, meaning coffin, emphasizing the deep recesses of these squares.

In wall paneling, coffered panels differ because there is less space behind the panels to create a deep inset. Thus, with wall paneling, it's more of an implied coffer than a fully realized one. This effect is achieved by affixing vertical and horizontal boards to form the grid. Occasionally, each square is routed or adorned with additional trim for added embellishment.

Raised Panels

Source: Houzz

Raised panel, a style of wood paneling, features a sequence of rectangles or squares aligned with vertical molding, typically spaced 4 to 8 inches apart. The raised wood panels exhibit deep V-shaped bevels, flanked by horizontal rails at both the top and bottom. This type of paneling exudes a striking and opulent appearance, often encountered in upscale older residences. The profound bevels cast deep shadows, contributing to its visually captivating allure.

Raised panels are commonly integrated into wainscoting and can be readily obtained pre-built for convenient installation. Alternatively, they can be crafted from materials like MDF board or polystyrene, molded to emulate the raised panel style. For a more custom approach, they can also be constructed from scratch using thin molding pieces affixed to flat panels.

Flat Paneling

Source: George Panel

Flat paneling boasts a completely smooth front surface without any bevels, grooves, or beads. The only visual disruptions within a series of flat panels are the seams between the boards, which can either be left exposed or concealed with metal or wood strips.

Exuding a sleek and smooth appearance, flat paneling is synonymous with modern or contemporary design. The absence of distinctive features on the panel's surface allows the inherent richness of the wood grain to take center stage. In this design, less emphasis is placed on the perimeter of the room, namely the paneling, allowing the room and its elements to command attention.

The diverse world of wood paneling offers an array of options to elevate the aesthetic appeal of your home. Whether you are drawn to the classic charm of raised panels, the rustic allure of board and batten, or the sleek modernity of flat paneling, there's a style that suits every taste. If you find yourself overwhelmed by the choices or in need of expert guidance to seamlessly integrate these design elements into your space, connect with Spaces by Juliana today! Don't hesitate to reach out for a consultation and take the first step towards making your dream home a reality.


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